What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a medical condition that can primarily be characterized by high levels of blood sugar problem that may also stay in a person for a long time. Your body acquires glucose from the food that you consume and that glucose remains in the blood as the main source of energy for the body. Furthermore, obtaining energy from glucose by sucking out glucose from food into your bloodstream.
Interestingly blood glucose limits itself to blood and does not reach human cells. When glucose levels in the body rise, it leads to health problems. The absolute cure to get rid of Diabetes is still yet to be known but with proper medical and lifestyle management, you can cope with your diabetes and stay healthy. There are various reasons for diabetes and various treatment option available to treat them.
In the United States, 30.3 million people, or we can say 9.4% of the population have Diabetes, according to studies done in 2015. Every one in four of the patients was also unaware they had the illness known as diabetes. Also, one in four adults over 65 has diabetes. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 90–95 percent of occurrences among adult diabetic patients.
Furthermore, there are different types of diabetes among the most common ones are:
- Type 1 diabetes
- Type 2 diabetes
- Gestational diabetes
- Monogenic diabetes
- Genetic diabetes
- Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes
What is Type 1 Diabetes?
This type of diabetes in medical terms is also known as juvenile diabetes. It is an autoimmune disease that disrupts the levels of insulin in our bodies. Moreover, patients who have type 1 diabetes cannot produce enough insulin in their bodies The immune system, unfortunately, starts to target and kill the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. As a result, blood sugar level rises in the body. This type of diabetes can develop at any age. Type 1 diabetes is typically found in children and young people. In order to stay healthy and long shelf life, people with juvenile diabetes must consume insulin medications every day.
What are the signs of Type 1 Diabetes?
The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are rapid and its symptom occurs in patients suddenly usually during childhood or adolescence. Children start to exhibit their signs within a few days/weeks whereas, adults show slightly varied symptoms over a few months. Here are some signs you can look further to know if someone has this type of diabetes or not:
- High blood sugar levels
- Frequent urination
- Weight loss
- Increase in appetite
- Blurry vision
- Frequent skin infections
- Perineum candidiasis
- Problems performing in school or work
- Breath smells like acetone
- Abdominal pain
- Diabetic ketoacidosis in extreme cases
- Loss of consciousness
- Hyper-ventilation breathing
- Feel thirsty every time
- Fast heart rate
- Frequent infections
What are the causes of Type 1 Diabetes?
The causes of Type 1 diabetes to occur in a person are as follows:
- Destruction of beta cells that produces insulin
- Insulin deficiency in the body
- The person is also facing persistent hyperglycemia
- The body is unable to respond, manage or also cope with increases in blood sugar levels
- High levels of antibiotics in the body
- Family history
- Dibteogenic trigger
- Exposure to an antigen
- Children whose mothers were obese or older than 35 years during pregnancy
- Overweight during early childhood
- High intake of gluten or dietary fiber
- The chemical reaction of drugs also causes a reduction in insulin
- Some drugs that damage beta cells
- pancreatic inflammation because of the antiviral drug didanosine
- Beta cell destruction due to the anti-protozoal drug pentamidine and a rodenticide known as Pyrinuron
Some drugs reversibly reduce the secretion of insulin:
- Post-transplant immunosuppressants cyclosporin A
- Leukemia drug L-asparaginase
- Antibiotic gatifloxacin
What is the health complication related to Type 1 Diabetes?
Diabetes in general can gradually lead you to other health risks and serious complications over time:
- Kidney disease
- Heart disease
- Brain stroke
- Dental disease
- Eye problems
- Nerve damage
Furthermore, Type 1 Diabetes can lead you to health complications like:
- Poor blood sugar control
- Diabetic ketoacidosis
- Small blood vessels are damaged all over the body
- Diabetic retinopathy
- Severe hypoglycemia
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Diabetic nephropathy
- Celiac disease
- Retina vessels become fragile
- Diabetic neuropathy
- penis erection and ejaculation problems
- Urinary tract infection
- Sexual impotency in males and females
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
- Frequent hyperglycemia in women
- Other autoimmune disorders
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Pernicious anemia
- Addison’s disease
- Autoimmune gastritis
What are the treatment methods for Type 1 Diabetes?
Diabetes is a serious issue that even at mild levels you cannot ignore or treat through home remedies like other illnesses. Hence, you should definitely seek a doctor for treating yourself with this type of diabetes. Moreover, your doctor will recommend you combination of medicines and home care methods to manage diabetes and prevent it from worsening. In some cases, Type 1 diabetes can also lead to diabetic ketoacidosis that can turn fatal if you do not diagnose and treat it on time. Hence proper treatment under a professional’s guidance is a must.
Treatment for Type 1 Diabetes includes
- Subcutaneous injection to raise Insulin levels either by syringe or insulin pumps multiple times a day
- Also, maintaining blood sugar levels to the normal range of 80–130 mg/dL and <180 mg/dL before and after meals respectively
- Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels at home by capillary blood testing and glucose meter
- Also, use a continuous glucose monitor to check blood sugar level
- Monitoring hemoglobin A1C levels to check average blood sugar levels in the last three months
- Insulin therapy
Some medicines for treating Type 1 Diabetes Involve:
- GLP-1 receptor agonists
- Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors
- SGLT2 inhibitor
Type 1 Diabetes management through lifestyle changes involves:
- Tracking carbohydrate intake
- Follow a diet plan
- Going to camps that teach children to monitor their insulin without parental help
- Exercising regularly
- Doing relaxation and pleasure activities
Other treatment methods include:
- Pancreas transplantation
- Transplants of isolated islet cells
Diabetes is a medical condition that can primarily be characterized by high levels of blood sugar problem that may also stay in a person for a long time. Type 1 Diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes. Moreover, it is an autoimmune disease that disrupts the levels of insulin in our bodies. The symptoms of Type 1 diabetes are rapid and its symptom occurs in patients suddenly usually during childhood or adolescence.
Diabetes is a serious issue that even at mild levels you cannot ignore or treat through home remedies like other illnesses. Hence, you should definitely seek a doctor for treating yourself with this type of diabetes. In some cases, Type 1 diabetes can also lead to diabetic ketoacidosis that can turn fatal if you do not diagnose and treat it on time. Hence proper treatment under a professional’s guidance is a must. The absolute cure to get rid of Diabetes is still yet to be known but with proper medical and lifestyle management, you can cope with your diabetes and stay healthy.
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