In the medical world, several conditions severely affect the sleep pattern of a human being, which healthcare professionals consider Sleep Disorders. Over the years, the number of cases associated with a sleep medical condition has risen worldwide, especially in the United States of America. Statistically speaking, approximately one-third of the adults in the American population suffer from a sleep disorder. Besides this group of medical conditions, which usually deal with lack of sleep, you can treat them using a combination of lifestyle changes and a variety of therapies. Since this serious health issue of Sleep Disorders has spread all over the globe, so you must learn about it.
Here is presenting an article explaining all the essential facts about Sleep Disorders.
Types of Sleep Disorders:
Sleep is an essential part of a human being’s existence and is a state of mind and body. When your sleep pattern gets affected, you suffer from a medical condition or disorder. Furthermore, there are various types of Sleep Disorders that you need to know about. They are as follows:
When you experience pauses while you are sleeping and breathing when you suffer from sleep apnea. Also, you must know that it is a serious medical condition in which your body will breathe in more oxygen content than necessary. Waking up at night is a major symptom of Sleep Apnea. There are two types which include central sleep apnea and obstructive sleep apnea.
If an individual is struggling to find sleep or even stay asleep, then that human is suffering from a sleep disorder known as Insomnia.
The trigger for this medical condition is usually anxiety and lots of stress. Furthermore, if you have this disease and do not treat it in time, you risk experiencing the following.
- Weight gain
- Concentration Problem
- Impairment of school or work performance
Have you suddenly felt a compulsive urge to fall asleep while awake? If you have, it is a medical condition called Narcolepsy that you must have. It is a disorder of sleep that can also trigger sleep paralysis. It means you may be unable to move physically as soon as you wake up. Besides, Narcolepsy does have an association with other serious neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis.
Restless Leg Syndrome:
If you need to shake your legs, you have a sleep-related disorder called Restless Leg Syndrome. More importantly, the symptoms of RLS occur mainly during the night.
An abnormal movement made by an individual during sleep is known as Parasomnia. These can include:
- Wetting of bed
- Talking in sleep
- Walking in sleep
- Grinding of teeth
- Clenching of jaw
What are the Symptoms of Sleep Disorders?
Like, all medical conditions, Sleep Disorders exhibit a few symptoms. They can vary depending on the severity of the disorder. Some of the few common ones include the following:
- Gaining weight
- Decrease in concentration level
- Abnormal Breathing patterns
- The temptation to sleep frequently during the day
- Daytime fatigue
- Feeling of depression
Trigger points of Sleep Disorders:
Any medical condition occurs to an individual due to a few risk factors. With regard to Sleep Disorders, there are several reasons for them to manifest in a human being. Therefore, here is presenting a list of a few trigger points for sleeping disorders:
- Urinating frequently
- Chronic pain
- Anxiety and stress
- Respiratory problems and allergies
How do you diagnose and treat Sleep Orders?
If you happen to visit your doctor because you have observed symptoms of one of the many Sleep Disorders, then you will be asked to do a physical examination. In addition, you can obtain all essential information about the sleeping disorder you are suffering from. You will also likely be requested to perform one of the few tests mentioned below.
Multiple Sleep Latency Test or MSLT:
It is a sleeping test done during the day and at night with Polysomnography for the diagnosis of Narcolepsy.
Polysomnography or PSG:
This laboratory sleep study measures oxygen levels, movements of the body, and brain waves.
Electroencephalogram or EEG:
In this test, the brain’s electrical activity measurement occurs, which helps determine the type of sleep disorder an individual suffers from.
More importantly, when treating any Sleep Disorders, you can either use medication therapy or tweak your lifestyle.
- Avoid the use of tobacco
- Consuming less water before bedtime
- Limit the use of caffeine
- Doing exercises and stretching to reduce stress
- Creation and follow-up of a fixed sleep schedule
Therapy involving medications:
- Use of dental guard
- Consumption of sleeping pills
- Take medication for colds or allergies
- Melatonin supplements usage
- Usage of a breathing device
- Perform surgery
Suppose you are an individual suffering from any of the many several Sleep Disorders that exist. If you do not treat the medical condition, your social and professional life can get disrupted.
Therefore, you must diagnose it as soon as possible. The only way to treat a sleep disorder is to visit your doctor and stick to the medical plan set for yourself to find normal sleep and peace of mind eventually.
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