What is Knee Pain?
Knee pain is pain that occurs in and around the region of the knees. Furthermore, the femur, tibia, fibula, and patella are the four bones that articulate to form the knee joint. The knee also consists of four compartments. So, these include the superior tibiofibular joint, the patellofemoral compartment, and the medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartments.
Knee pain also ranges from mild to severe knee pain. In severe cases diagnosis is done depending upon the underlying issue. A diagnosis like X-ray, MRI, CT scan and Joint fluid culture is also done to diagnose knee pain. Additionally, older people are more susceptible to problems of knee pain. Also, knee pain generally occurs due to injury, infection, illness, and aging in which some or overall parts of the knee go through wear and tear.
What are the symptoms of Knee Pain?
Knee pain ranges from mild to severe pain. Also, depending upon the individual’s conditions, the symptoms may vary. Moreover, knee pain is a symptom of other underlying issues or side effects of some kind of medical drug. Also, the location of knee pain varies. Furthermore, common signs and symptoms of knee pain include:
- Rigidity and puffiness
- There is a touchable redness and warmth
- Lack of strength or stability
- noises of popping or crunching from that region
- difficulty to fully extend the knee
- Unable to bear weight on knees
- Pain in the knees persists even though you don’t bear any weight on it
- Knee buckles
- Your knee looks deformed
- Numb around the knee region
- Sore knee
- Bluish discoloration below the hurt knee in the calf
What are the causes of Knee Pain?
There is a long about reasons why someone might get into knee pain. In general terms, knee pain generally occurs due to injury, illnesses, infection, and aging in which some or overall parts of the knee go through wear and tear. Furthermore here is a list of possible reasons that lead to knee pain as follows:
Here is a list of common injuries that lead to knee pain:
Ligament sprain on
- Anterior cruciate ligament
- Posterior cruciate ligament
- Lateral collateral ligament
- Medial collateral ligament
Strain in muscles like
- Popliteal muscle
- Patellar tendon
- Hamstring tendon
- Quadriceps muscles
- Hamstring muscles
- Popliteal tendon
- Lateral meniscus
- Medial meniscus
- Unusual bleeding in spaces presents between joints. Hemarthrosis typically takes a few minutes to a few hours to manifest itself after an incident occurs.
Also, here is a list of dislocations and deformities that may cause knee pain as follows:
- Tibiofemoral joint dislocation
- Patella dislocation
- Genu recurvatum
- Knee flexion deformity
- Genu varum
- Bipartite patella
- Genu valgum
Here is a list of common inflammation that leads to knee pain:
- Popliteal tendinitis
- Patellar tendinitis
- Hamstring tendinitis
- Knee Synovitis
- Semimembranosus bursitis
- Prepatellar bursitis
- Infrapatellar bursitis
Also, here are some types of fractures that can cause you knee pain as follows:
- Tibial fracture
- Patella fracture
- Femoral fracture
On the other hand, some medical conditions can cause knee pain as follows:
- Knee osteoarthritis
- Baker’s cyst
- Larsen-Johansson disease
- Knee rheumatoid arthritis
- Meniscal cyst
- Discoid meniscus
- Osgood-Schlatter disease
- Chondromalacia patella
- Osteochondritis dissecans disease
- Synovial chondromatosis disease
- Hemophilic arthritis
- Gouty arthritis
- Tuberculosis arthritis
- Septic arthritis/Pyogenic arthritis
- Ankylosing spondylitis
- Reactive arthritis
Certain medical syndromes leading to knee pain include:
- Hoffa’s syndrome
- Joint hypermobility syndrome
- Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome (FCAS)
- Patellofemoral pain syndrome
- Plica syndrome
- Iliotibial band syndrome
Other causes of knee pain include:
- Working in cold temperature places
- Tenosynovitis of the tendons around the knee region
- Frostbite from extreme cold leads to chondrocyte injury among children
- Hereditary disease
- Less physical movement
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Peripheral vascular disease
- Ligamentous laxity
- Fat pad impingement
- Knee effusion
- Referred pain
- Overweight or obesity
- Lack of muscle strength
- Certain work job tasks or sport
- Past injury
What are the home remedies for Knee Pain?
Knee pain from simple reasons frequently goes away on its own when you take action to treat your symptoms. Moreover, you should speak with your doctor if knee discomfort is brought on by an accident or an injury. However, here are some home remedial methods you can do for treating knee pain as follows:
- Rest and also stay away from painful activities
- Also, do not bear weight on your knee
- If you are overweight, you should reduce your weight
- Moreover, always warm up before exercise, then stretch afterward
- Furthermore, apply ice. Apply it initially for up to 15 minutes each hour. Apply it at least four times daily after the first day
- Walking down hills is also preferable to racing down them
- Also, instead of running, bicycle or, even better, go swimming
- Moreover, become less active frequently if you workout a lot
- Also, keep your knee elevated as much as you can to lessen any swelling.
- As you sleep, also position a pillow between or below your knees.
- Use other smooth and soft surfaces such as tracks if you are running
- Also, you can put on an elastic bandage or sleeve
- Try using special shoe inserts and arch supports such as orthotics if you have flat feet
- Also, make sure your running shoes are sturdy, comfortable, and well-cushioned.
Take over-the-counter painkillers like:
How to know if the Knee Pain is serious and if you should seek medical help?
Some underlying reasons for knee pain can also be very serious. Furthermore, if you are facing severe pain which is unbearable for a few days then don’t sit quietly. Moreover, seek immediate help instead of waiting for it to heal on its own which in some cases won’t happen. Also, here are some signs that you should seek medical help and you should take these signs seriously given below.
- unable to put weight on your knee or also experiencing instability
- pronounced knee swelling
- unable to also flex or fully extend your knee
- You also observe an evident knee or leg deformity
- Have a fever in addition to your knee’s redness, discomfort, and swelling
- Experiencing excruciating knee pain because of an injury
- Below the painful knee, you also feel pain, swelling, numbness, tingling, or a bluish tint in the leg
- even after three days of home remedies, you are still in pain
What are the medical ways to treat Knee Pain?
Knee pain also ranges from mild to severe knee pain. Moreover, in severe cases diagnosis is done depending upon the underlying issue. A diagnosis like X-ray, MRI, CT scan and Joint fluid culture is also done to diagnose knee pain.
In many moderate knee pain cases, the patients are given pain relief medicines that include:
Moreover, this type of therapy aids in regaining movement and functionality when someone has knee pain due to injury, illness, or infection. Depending on the particular issue that is causing your pain, your doctor may also advise physical therapy or various forms of strengthening activities in the process of physiotherapy.
Your doctor may also advise injecting chemical drugs directly into a joint, such as:
- Hyaluronic acid
- Platelet-rich plasma (PRP)
If necessary, you may also require surgery and rehabilitation after performing surgery. Moreover, the surgeries option your doctor might suggest and perform for treating extreme knee pain cases are:
- Partial knee replacement surgery
- Total knee replacement
- Arthroscopic surgery
Knee pain is pain that occurs in and around the region of the knees. Knee pain also ranges from mild to severe knee pain. Additionally, older people are more susceptible to problems of knee pain. Also, there is a long about reasons why someone might get into knee pain. Moreover, in general terms, knee pain generally occurs due to injury, illnesses, infection, and aging in which some or overall parts of the knee go through wear and tear.
Knee pain from simple reasons frequently goes away on its own when you take action to treat your symptoms. Moreover, you should speak with your doctor if knee discomfort is brought on by an accident or an injury. Furthermore, if you are facing severe pain which is unbearable for a few days then don’t sit quietly. Moreover, seek immediate help instead of waiting for it to heal on its own which in some cases won’t happen. Additionally, medicines, physiotherapy, surgery, and injections are some medical ways to treat knee pain.
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