What is Hypertension?
Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure in medical terms. This is a long-term medical condition where patients have arterial blood pressure for a long time and it persistently elevated over time. Usually, high blood pressure on an occasional basis does not cause any issues to the body but long-term high blood pressure can lead to serious health issues. Hypertension affects regions of arteries, heart, eyes, and brain. It is also said that hypertension is the major cause of death globally. Additionally, hypertension occurs in 5% of pregnant women and around 16% of maternal deaths occur due to this globally.
The ideal blood pressure of an individual ranges between 90/60mmHg and 120/80mmHg. Once the level reaches between 130/80 to 140/90, you can consider it under high blood pressure level one. 180/110 or higher level of high blood pressure is highly dangerous, you should seek emergency help in such situations soon.
Hypotension vs Hypertension
Hypotension is the opposite of hypertension and also both are different conditions. A person with serious blood pressure issues may also have both hypertension and hypotension both. Moreover, to explain further, hypotension is a long-term low blood pressure medical condition. Whereas, hypertension is a high blood pressure problem that persists for a long time.
What are the consequences of Hypertension?
Hypertension can be very risky and dangerous that also elevates the risks of the following conditions:
- Brain stroke
- Heart failure
- coronary artery disease
- Atrial fibrillation
- Vision loss
- Peripheral arterial disease
- Chronic kidney disease
What are primary and secondary Hypertension?
Primary hypertension and secondary hypertension are two different types of high blood pressure. Moreover, 90–95% of cases of high blood pressure are primary, which is described as being brought on by general lifestyle and hereditary factors. Also, Lifestyle factors that raise the risk include eating too much salt, being overweight, smoking, and drinking too much alcohol. The other 5–10% of instances are also known as secondary hypertension, which is high blood pressure that is brought on by a known condition, such as chronic renal disease, artery narrowing in the kidneys, an endocrine issue, or the use of birth control pills.
What causes Hypertension to occur?
You must seek a doctor’s help if you find yourself in a position of experiencing conditions of hypertension soon because it is a long-term problem that can be lethal to your health. Furthermore, you can also divide the cause of hypertension on basis of its sub-types i.e. primary and secondary hypertension.
So, here is a list of conditions that leads you to primary hypertension as follows:
- Also, western diet and lifestyle influences
- High salt intake
- Lack of exercise
- Caffeine overdose
- Vitamin D deficiency
- Metabolic syndrome
- Insulin resistance
- Low birth weight
- Smoking during pregnancy
- Lack of breastfeeding
- High blood uric acid
- Periodontal disease
Also, here is a list of conditions that leads you to primary hypertension as follows:
- Kidney diseases
- Cushing’s syndrome
- Conn’s syndrome Hyperaldosteronism
- Renal artery stenosis
- Sleep Apnea
- Coarctation of the aorta
- Overacting of licorice
- Excess alcohol conditions
- Side effects of medications
- Herbal remedies
- Overdose on Caffeine
- Cocaine overdose
- Methamphetamine overconsumption
- Exposure to Arsenic
What are the signs and symptoms of Hypertension?
High blood pressure that occurs occasionally shows less to no signs and symptoms. Furthermore, if this state of high blood pressure exists for a long time then it shows some kind of symptoms sometimes. Moreover, here are some signs and symptoms you can look into for hypertension as follows:
- Headaches in general
- Back of the head pain in the morning
- Buzzing or hissing sounds in ears
- Vision gets altered
- Also, there are some episodes of fainting
- Feeling anxious
- Changes in optic fundus visible on screen
- Truncal obesity
- Glucose intolerance
- Mood face
- Buffalo humo
- Purple abdominal stretch marks
- Weight loss
- Increase in appetite
- Fast heartbeat
- Bulging eyes
- Pale appearance
- Lots of sweating
- Chest pain
- Short of breathe
- Stomach ache and swelling during pregnancy
- Lack of energy
- Failure to thrive in children
- Visual disturbances
- Bleeding through nose
What are some facts about Hypertension?
Here are five interesting facts that you may also want to read about hypertension as follows:
- Hypertension also has some link with issues of Dementia
- Usually, in initial cases, hypertension doesn’t show any symptoms
- Young people can also have Hypertension
- Also, many hypertension patients are unaware of their existing condition
- You can also prevent hypertension even if it’s genetic
What are the home remedies for Hypertension?
Certainly, there are natural ways and home remedies to treat your medical conditions as follows:
- Exercise regularly
- Avoid high saturated fat during meals
- Reduce high sodium intake
- Also, avoid or quit drinking and smoking
- Consume more potassium-rich during meals
- Also, limit your caffeine intake
- Take care of your mental health during your time of stress, anxiety, and depression
- Also, reduce some weight from your body
- Avoid consuming sugar and refined carbs
- Also, eating fruits like berries
- Learn meditation and breathing techniques
- Consume calcium-rich during meals more often
- Take a sufficient amount of vitamin and mineral supplements
- Also, eating magnesium foods often
- Practice stretching and also body massages
How to treat Hypertension through medicines?
Your doctor may also suggest medical treatments along with lifestyle and habit changes to prevent hypertension. They may also treat your underlying other illnesses or drug’s side effects for the same. Here is a list of treatments that doctors mostly suggest to their patients as follows:
Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure in medical terms. Moreover, this is a long-term medical condition where patients have arterial blood pressure for a long time and it persistently elevates over time. Hypertension affects regions of arteries, heart, eyes, and brain. Hypotension is the opposite of hypertension and also both are different conditions. Moreover, to explain further, hypotension is a long-term low blood pressure medical condition.
Also, Primary hypertension and secondary hypertension are two different types of high blood pressure. Furthermore, you must seek a doctor’s help if you find yourself in a position of experiencing conditions of hypertension soon because it is a long-term problem that can be lethal to your health. High blood pressure that occurs occasionally shows less to no signs and symptoms.
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