High sugar levels in the blood confirm the presence of a medical condition known as diabetes. Furthermore, its trigger point is usually a lack of the hormone ‘Insulin,’ produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar in the body. If not managed well, then this disease can cause serious health complications. These include blindness, lower extremity, heart disease, and kidney failure. Being overweight or obese is the most prevalent modifiable risk factor for type 2 diabetes in the United States today.
In terms of disease management, you can learn to manage your diabetes while enjoying many of your favorite food and long-term preserve your health by paying close attention to your diet, exercise, education, and prescription therapy. Also, it is essential to participate actively in your treatment. Since this disease is a serious worldwide health issue, you must understand it in detail. Therefore, we bring you this article.
What are the types of Diabetes?
There are, in total, three types of diabetes. They are as follows:
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed during childhood.
Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and juvenile diabetes were other names for type 1 diabetes.
Environmental and genetic risk factors are known to produce type 1 Diabetes.
The pancreatic beta cell produces little to no insulin; therefore, a person with diabetes requires daily insulin injections are necessary to maintain life. A medical emergency may occur if daily management is poor.
Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 Diabetes represents 90% or more of all instances of this condition and is much more prevalent than type 1. However, many individuals with type 2 diabetes are unaware of their condition. Although this type of diabetes typically develops in adults, there are rising cases in children, mainly due to obesity. This disease occurs due to insulin resistance and progressive loss of beta-cell insulin production. It is also a fact that Type 2 diabetes is becoming increasingly widespread in America due to factors such as an aging population, rising obesity rates, unhealthy diets, and insufficient exercise.
Moreover, not all people with type 2 diabetes have weight issues, even though being overweight or obese is the most prevalent modifiable risk factor for developing the disease in the United States of America. Also, environmental and genetic risk factors play a significant role in the manifestation of this disease.
It is a type of diabetes in which high blood sugar appears in a pregnant woman who does not suffer from this condition in the late stages of the pregnancy. Generally speaking, even though postpartum gestational diabetes is usually cured, it is necessary to monitor women closely since they may be more susceptible to type 2 diabetes in the future.
Furthermore, there is also the possibility that hormones or a shortage of insulin can induce gestational diabetes. In addition, being overweight or obese before getting pregnant may contribute to the approximately 5% of pregnant women who develop this type of diabetes.
There are different varieties of diabetes that result from different causes, such as pancreatic conditions such as cystic fibrosis or pancreatitis, neonatal Diabetes, or Diabetes brought on by drugs such as corticosteroids.
Do you know the trigger points that cause Diabetes?
During food metabolism and digestion, glucose or sugar enters the bloodstream to serve as a source of fuel for the body. In addition, an organ called the pancreas, which lies close to the stomach, makes insulin. The role of insulin is to move glucose from the bloodstream into muscle, fat, and liver cells, which can be used as fuel. Therefore, people with diabetes have high blood glucose because their pancreas does not make enough insulin, or their muscles, fat, and liver cells typically do not respond to insulin.
Are you aware of the risk factors involved in Diabetes?
All three types of diabetes are associated with various risk factors. They are known as the following:
Risk Factors for Type 1 Diabetes:
- Firstly, the existence of autoantibodies that attack the cells responsible for generating insulin.
- Factors in the environment or potential viral exposure.
- Genealogy and genetics
- Finally, people of the Caucasian ethnicity, as well as Finns and Swedes, appear to have a higher risk for Type 1 diabetes.
Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes:
- A few individuals belong to ethnic groups (African-Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian Americans, and Pacific Islanders).
- Gestational Diabetes in the past.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome in the past (PCOS).
- High blood pressure (140/90 mm Hg or above) or blood pressure medication.
- IGT (impaired glucose tolerance) or impaired fasting glucose, A1C 5.7% (IFG).
- Obese is a body mass index (BMI) of 30 kg/m2 or higher.
- A diabetic parent, sibling, or another family member who is 45 or above.
Risk Factors for Gestational Diabetes:
- Individuals are suffering from gestational diabetes or prediabetes.
- A man or a woman who is currently overweight or obese.
- A family member with type 2 diabetes, such as a parent, brother, or sister.
- Females struggling with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS).
- Women who are Asian, American Indian, Latina, and African American women are more likely than others to develop gestational diabetes.
- A male or female older than 25 years of age.
Do you know the symptoms of Diabetes?
The signs and symptoms of diabetes also depend and vary as per the type. They are as follows:
Type 1 Diabetes and its symptoms:
- More frequent urination
- Loss of weight despite an increase in appetite
- Heightened thirst
Type 2 Diabetes and its symptoms:
- Blurred vision
- Impotence in males
- Slow infection recovery
- Enhancement of appetite
- The rise in thirst and urine production
Type 3 Diabetes and its symptoms:
- On rare occasions, individuals may experience increased urination or thirst.
- Usually, between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy, a regular glucose challenge test is used to diagnose gestational diabetes.
- No specific symptoms can generally be seen.
The diagnostic test available to detect Diabetes:
Diabetes is a medical condition that can be diagnosed using the following blood glucose assays.
They are as follows:
- Fasting blood glucose level
- The random non-fasting blood glucose level
- Oral glucose tolerance test
- Hemoglobin A1C Test
For those with diabetes, regular exercise and lifestyle modifications are crucial. Furthermore, diabetes patients who routinely exercise are less likely to get a heart attack or stroke than people with diabetes who do not. Before beginning an exercise regimen, it is essential that you have your health checked by your doctor.
Therefore, you need to schedule an exercise for at least 150 minutes per week at a moderate level, such as brisk walking. For instance, it is proven that 30 minutes of walking every day for at least 5 days a week helps prevent diabetes. Finally, strength training may also be helpful.
Read our other blogs: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) | Anxiety | Asthma | Back Pain | Blood Cancer | Breast Cancer | Breast Pain | Cancer | Chronic Pain | Coronavirus | Depression | Cough