Leukemia is the medical term for the condition known as Blood Cancer. It arises because there is a sudden rise in the number of white cells in your body. Resulting in the outnumbering of your red blood cells and platelets needed to maintain a healthy body. In addition, this medical condition causes the inhibition of your body’s immunity system to fight infection. As per 2015 statistics, Blood Cancer was present in about 2.3 million people around the world, of which about 353,500 individuals died due to this disease.
Furthermore, the exact causes of this condition remain unknown. Since Leukemia is a form of Cancer and is therefore lethal, you must understand all the essential facts about it. They are as follows:
What Exactly are the Types of Blood Cancer?
There are, in total, four types of Blood Cancer. They are as follows:
1. Chronic Leukemia lymphocytic (CLL): This is the second most prevalent type of adult leukemia. Some CLL subtypes are stable for years and do not require therapy. A few others, though, cause your body to be incapable of producing healthy blood cells, necessitating medical attention.
2. Acute Leukemia lymphocytic (ALL): is the most prevalent type of Leukemia in children. In this condition, there is the possibility of your lymph nodes and central nervous system getting affected.
3. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML): This form of blood cancer supposedly affects adults the most.
4. Myelogenous Leukemia persistent (CML): You might not notice any symptoms with this type, and you must not discover you until after a routine blood test. Furthermore, people over the age of 65 are more susceptible to this form of Leukemia.
How does Blood Cancer happen?
There are white blood cells, which fight infection; red blood cells, which carry oxygen; and platelets, which aid blood clotting.
Also, Your bone marrow produces billions of new blood cells each day, the majority of which are red blood cells. However, when you have Blood Cancer, your body produces more white cells than it requires.
Besides, these leukemia cells cannot combat infection, just like regular white cells. Instead, it leads to the functionality of your organs decreasing. As a result, you also run out of platelets you need to clot your blood, red blood cells to carry oxygen, or healthy white blood cells to combat infection over time.
Do you know about the Classification of Blood Cancer?
Leukemia or Blood Cancer is a medical condition classified according to the type of blood cell involved, how quickly it progresses, and how quickly it develops. Therefore, it is split into two categories based on how quickly it progresses: acute and chronic, and depending on the type of cell involved:
- Acute Leukemia: It is when most of the blood cells produced turn out to be immature and thereby unable to perform their regular tasks that this type of Blood Cancer occurs. It can degrade quickly.
- Chronic Leukemia: This develops when some of the cells are immature, healthy, and capable of functioning normally. In addition, the degradation of this condition occurs at a much slower rate.
The second category possesses the division of lymphocytic and myelogenous blood cancer. They are:
Bone marrow cells that develop into lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell, are involved in
- Myelogenous (or myeloid) leukemia: The bone marrow cells that produce red blood cells, platelets, and various white blood cells are affected in this type of Blood Cancer.
- Lymphocytic (or lymphoblastic) leukemia: In this case, there is the involvement of the marrow cells that develop into lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell.
Are you aware of the diagnosis and treatment of Blood Cancer?
Furthermore, your doctor must examine your blood or bone marrow to see if you have blood cancer. Therefore, they might have to carry out diagnostic tests for that, such as:
1. Biopsy of the bone marrow: In this process, using a large needle, extraction of the marrow from your pelvic bone. Therefore, you need to inform your doctor of the type and severity of the Leukemia you are suffering.
2. Blood Test: A complete blood count (CBC) examines the quantity and level of development of various blood cell types. In a blood smear, generally, you can use abnormal or immature cells.
3. Image Exams: Signs of Blood Cancer can be found using tools including CT, MRI, and PET scans.
4. Spine tapping: In this diagnostic examination, it is your spinal cord fluid that is in use. It can inform your doctor about where the Blood Cancer has spread.
The treatment of Blood Cancer you receive will depend on the type of Blood Cancer you suffer. Options available are:
- Stem cell transplant
- Targeted therapy
- Biologic therapy
Above all, you can use a few other diagnostic tools to cure Blood Cancer. They are:
1. High-energy X-rays: You can use them to kill or stop the growth of leukemia cells. Where there are many cancer cells in your body, you can develop it everywhere or only in one area.
2. Chemotherapy: It employs medications that destroy cancer cells in your bone marrow and blood. If you want this medicine, you can:
- Get it as a tablet
- Inject it into a vein or muscle
- Please insert it into the spinal cord’s protective fluid.
3. Immunotherapy: Also known as biologic therapy, it enhances your body’s immune system by enabling the locating and elimination of cancer cells. Furthermore, you can strengthen your body’s inherent defenses against Blood Cancer using medications like interleukins and interferon.
4. Stem cell transplant: The blood-producing Blood Cancer cells in your bone marrow are replaced. You can acquire new stem cells from your doctor or a donor. Furthermore, new stem cells will then be infused into a vein in your body. It will develop into brand-new, healthy blood cells.
5. Surgery: So, if your spleen is pressed on other organs and is full of cancer cells, your doctor may decide to remove it. Also, Splenectomy is the medical term for this treatment.
Therefore, is important to note that people’s long-term outlook depends on the type of Cancer they have. More importantly, you must know that the quicker the detection of Blood Cancer, the faster its treatment. Therefore, it means that if you have Leukemia, then your recovery chances improve significantly. Factors such as the history of blood disorders and chromosome mutations can negatively impact the outlook of people with Blood Cancer.